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dc.contributor.authorBarroilhet, Sergio
dc.contributor.authorFritsch, Rosemarie
dc.contributor.authorGuajardo, Viviana
dc.contributor.authorMartínez, Vania
dc.contributor.authorVöhringer, Paul
dc.contributor.authorAraya, Ricardo
dc.contributor.authorRojas, Graciela
dc.date.accessioned2013-07-11T21:25:44Z
dc.date.available2013-07-11T21:25:44Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationBARROILHET, Sergio et al. Ideas autolíticas, violencia autoinfligida, y síntomas depresivos en escolares chilenos. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2012, vol.140, n.7, pp. 873-881. ISSN 0034-9887.es_ES
dc.identifier.issn0034-9887
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1293
dc.description.abstractBackground: Suicidal behaviors and depression are prevalent phenomena among adolescents, and are considered a public health problem. Aim: To determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms and suicidal behaviors and the relationship between both phenomena, in a representative sample of students from ninth grade in Santiago, Chile. Material and Methods: We recruited a probability sample of 2,597 adolescents who answered a questionnaire with questions about suicidal behavior and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). Results: The lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation and planning was 21 and 14%, respectively. The prevalence for the past two weeks was 6.7 and 4.4% for suicidal ideation and planning, respectively. Autolytic behaviors, once in lifetime and in the past week were referred by 26 and 4% of respondents, respectively. In one third of these, self-harm coincided with recent suicide ideation or planning. All levels of suicidal behavior were more frequently reported by women. Clinically significant depressive symptoms were present in 23.5% of adolescents. Females doubled male rates. Severe depressive symptoms were present in 9.4% of the sample. A higher level of suicidal behavior correlated with more severe forms of depression. Sixty percent of adolescents who reported recent self-harm, had clinically relevant depressive symptoms. Two thirds of them had severe symptoms. Conclusions: Suicidal behavior in Chilean adolescents is prevalent, and there is an association between this behavior and the level of depression. The school is a good place to identify and develop preventive measures for teenagers.es_ES
dc.language.isoeses_ES
dc.publisherSociedad Médica de Santiagoes_ES
dc.subjectAdolescenteses_ES
dc.subjectDepresiónes_ES
dc.subjectIntento de suicidioes_ES
dc.subjectConducta suicidaes_ES
dc.titleIdeas autolíticas, violencia autoinfligida, y síntomas depresivos en escolares chilenoses_ES
dc.typeArticlees_ES


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