Escrita, autoria e ensino: um diálogo necessário para pensar a constituição do sujeito-autor no contexto escolar
Aguiar, Eliane Aparecida de
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This thesis, inserted in the fields of the Language and the Education, has as objective main to promote a theoretical-reflexive discussion on the writing, author and authorship in order to think on the possibilities of work with the writing of authorship and the constitution of the subject-author about the scholar context. Considering two ways. Initially, the conception of authorial written is seen as being resulted of an experience that allows the passing of I to the subject place; that is, as the materialization of a process, crossed for the subjectivity, that allows the subject to support its desire for the writing, printing in it work and responsibility. Considering the configurations of author and authorship proposals for Michel Foucault, Mikhail Bakhtin and Roland Barthes, and of the notion of subject found in the psychoanalysis of Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan, is elaborated a notion of subject-author and authorship that allows to promote a dialogue with the experience of writing defended in this research. In the first case, it is considered that the subject-author is the element that articulates the significations that give form what the real writer search to sculpture. In this direction, this subject is not only one function exerted for the individual that write, but is also that one that, without nothing to know on the proper process of writing, to the being crossed for the language, generates in it effects of sense that cannot be determined of beforehand by the function of the author, therefore only starts to exist at the moment that written happens. In the second case, the authorship is understood as being a phenomenon that happens outside of the language because dealing with the proper subjective and unconscious experience of writing. It is one estimated of the action of the writer and of who reads the written speech, promoting it to status of workmanship of determined author. In the second part of this thesis, configuring itself as study of cases, the leads of the research of field are presented, realized in a particular school, in order to analyze the possibilities of the authorial writing and the constitution of the subject-author in the scholar context. The process of writing of four students is examined, observing that the writing, in the school, is valued by its function instrumental: it is almost always an excuse so that the students can learn other contents; or it is presented from models that must be followed in order to answer the school demands. Of this form, the writing is promoted as one action disconnected from subjective and singular experience of writing, hindering the authorship and the constitution of subject-author. The authorial writing, in this context, treated for the outside of the experience, is lost, because is exactly in this experience that it has the possibility to exist.