PISA 2012 Technical Report
OECD. Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
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This report contains a description of the theoretical underpinning of the complex techniques used to create the PISA 2012 database, which includes information on 510 000 students in 65 countries or economies. The database includes not only information on student performance in the main areas of assessment – mathematics, reading, science, problem solving and financial literacy – but also their responses to the Student Questionnaire that they completed as part of the assessment. Data from the principals of participating schools are also included. The PISA 2012 database was used to generate information and to be the basis for analysis for the PISA 2012 initial report, PISA 2012 Results (OECD, 2013 and 2014).